Fight against women’s violence
For the first time, the Belém do Pará Convention establishes women’s right to live a life free of violence. This inter-American human rights treaty has served as the basis for the adoption of laws and policies on prevention, eradication and punishment of violence against women in its States Party, as well as the formulation of national plans, the organization of campaigns and the implementation of care protocols and services, among other initiatives. The Convention has made a significant contribution to strengthening the Inter-American Human Rights System.
How is violence against women defined?
In Article 1, the Convention defines violence against women as “…any act or conduct, based on gender, which causes death or physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, whether in the public or the private sphere.”
Article 2 recognizes three types of violence:
- Physical violence
- Sexual violence
- Psychological violence
The Convention also highlights three spheres where this violence takes place:
- In private life
Violence that occurs within the family or domestic unit or within any other interpersonal relationship, even when the perpetrator no longer lives with the victim.
- In public life
Violence that is perpetrated by any person and occurs in the community, in the workplace, in educational institutions, health facilities or any other place; and
- Violence that is perpetrated or condoned by the state or its agents regardless of where it occurs.