In 1994, the Inter-American Commission of Women (CIM) of the Organization of American States (OAS) promoted the adoption of the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women (Belém do Pará Convention), formalizing the definition of violence against women as a violation of their human rights. The Convention entered into force in 1995 and thus far has been ratified by 32 States.
The Belém do Pará Convention for the first time establishes the development of mechanisms for the protection and defense of women’s rights, in the struggle to end violence in both the public and private spheres.
To ensure effective implementation of the Convention, a process of evaluation and ongoing and independent support is required. To that end, the Follow up Mechanism to the Belém do Pará Convention (MESECVI) was created in 2004.
Download the full text of the Convention in: English, Spanish, French, or Portuguese. With a view to strengthening diversity in the dissemination and application of the Convention, the text has also been translated into many of the other languages common in the Americas, including: Aymara, Guaraní, Dutch, Creole (Haitian), and Quechua.
To strengthen collaboration between the CIM and the Permanent Observers to the OAS, the Convention has been translated into: Greek and Italian. Additionally, the National Women’s Institute of Mexico (INMUJERES) has also provided support for the translation of the Convention into 13 indigenous language: Mam of Soconusco, Maya, Mazahua of the East, Mexican Spanish of Guerrero, Mixtec of the High West, Nahuatl of Huasteca, Nahuatl of the Northwest Sierra of Puebla, Otomí of the Mezquital Valley, Purépecha, Tarahumara of the North, Tseltal, Tsotsil, and Zapotec of the Coastal Plain.